All of the arts are creative expressions of the human mind and are expressed visually, through writing, through sound, through movement, in 3D and in multimedia format. All of these expressions from human mind are called works which can be paintings, poems, novels, articles, drawings, photos, plays, choreography, sculptures, movies, computer games, application software and buildings.
Copyright and its related rights are essential to human creativity. It gives the creators incentives in the form of recognition and fair economic rewards. Creators are assured that their works can be disseminated without fear of unauthorized copying or piracy. This in turn helps increase access to and enhances the enjoyment of culture, knowledge, and entertainment all over the world.
As a general rule, an industrial design consists of:
- 3D features, such as shape of a product,
- 2D features, such as ornamentation, pattern lines or colour of a product; or
- A combination of one or more of such features.
In order to claim for Copyright, the idea or expression must be recorded in a material forms (CD, DVD, hard disk, thumb drive, SIM card or document).
Condition for Copyright protection
The only condition for copyright protections is that the work must be original. It requires a degree of independent skill and labour to be expended on behalf of the author. Copyright protection is automatic and comes into existence upon creation of the work. The Copyright symbol © is inserted as a reminder to the public that a work has Copyright protection. This symbol often followed by the author’s name and the year of creation.
Rights provided by Copyrights
Copyright protection gives the owners the right to prevent a third party from reproducing, adapting, translating, exhibiting or performing in public, distributing , broadcasting or communicating to the public the protected work without their permission. Generally, the rights are granted for 50 years after the word was first published or created (depending on the type of works)
What is not protected by Copyright?
Copyright does NOT protect ideas, procedures, methods of operation and mathematical concepts.
Need to register for Copyright
Although it is not compulsory to register for Copyright, but registration of Copyright allows the created works for the purposes of, for example, identifying and distinguishing the tiles and ownership of works. Also, registration can also serve as prima facie evidence in a court of law with reference to disputes relating to copyright.